Sharing the Facts
Biodegradable: Capable of being broken down (decomposed) rapidly by the action of microorganisms. Biodegradable substances include food scraps, cotton, wool, wood, human and animal waste, manufactured products based on natural materials (such as paper, and vegetable-oil based soaps). See also degradable and photo-degradable.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC’s) 1.Any hydrocarbon (except ethane and methane) with a vapor pressure equal to or greater than 0.1 millimeters of mercury (mmHg). 2.Substance that will evaporate at temperature of use and which, by a photo-chemical reaction, will cause oxygen in the air to be converted into smog-promoting ozone under favorable climatic conditions. Commonly found in household, institutional, and industrial cleaning and maintenance products, and in building and finishing materials, VOCs are a significant contributor to sick building syndrome. In enclosed spaces, VOCs can cause eye, nose, and throat irritation, dizziness, headache, memory and visual impairment; some are known or suspected of causing cancer.
Inflammable: An inflammable substance is a material that is not easily ignited or, when ignited, does “Qt explode or burn rapidly.
Rubbing Alcohol or IPA: This compound is primarily produced by combining water and propene in a hydration reaction. It is also produced by hydrogenating acetone.[ It evaporates quickly, leaves nearly zero oil traces, compared to ethanol, and is toxic. It is used widely as a solvent and as a cleaning fluid, especially for dissolving oils. Together with ethanol, n-butanol, and methanol, it belongs to the group of alcohol solvents, about 6.4 million tons of which were utilized worldwide in 2011. Isopropyl alcohol and its metabolite, acetone, act as central nervous system (CNS) depressants] Symptoms of isopropyl alcohol poisoning include flushing, headache, dizziness, CNS depression, nausea, vomiting, anesthesia, hypothermia, hypotension, shock, respiratory depression, and coma. Poisoning can occur from ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption; therefore, well-ventilated areas and protective gloves are recommended. Around 15 g of isopropyl alcohol can have a toxic effect on a 70 kg human if left untreated, However, it is not nearly as toxic as methanol or ethylene glycol.
Petrochemicals: Petrochemicals, also called petroleum distillates, are chemical products derived from petroleum. The two most common petrochemical classes are olefins (including ethylene and propylene) and aromatics (including benzene, toluene and xylene isomers). Global ethylene and propylene production are about 115 million tonnes and 70 million tonnes per annum, respectively. Aromatics production is approximately 70 million tonnes. The largest petrochemical industries are located in the USA and Western Europe; however, major growth in new production capacity is in the Middle East and Asia.
Dyes: Synthetic dyes are man-made. These dyes are made from synthetic resources such as petroleum by-products and earth minerals.
Toxic: Toxicity is the degree to which a substance can damage an organism. Toxicity can refer to the effect on a whole organism, such as an animal, bacterium, or plant, as well as the effect on a substructure of the organism, such as a cell (cytotoxicity) or an organ such as the liver (hepatotoxicity). By extension, the word may be metaphorically used to describe toxic effects on larger and more complex groups, such as the family unit or society at large. Sometimes the word is more or less synonymous with poisoning everyday usage.